Singapore Chronicles – Pre-Colonial Singapore

The conventional and dominant view of Singapore’s history is that it began with the arrival of Stamford Raffles on the island in January 1819, and that nothing of significance happened on this island before that. This book attempts a re-examination of a more comprehensive collection of evidence, including excavated archaeological evidence and Portuguese and Dutch archival records, to argue that there were significant developments on and around the island. They shaped Singapore’s historical development after 1819 and could alter our understanding of what Singapore is about in history.