Water Hauling and Girls’ School Attendance: Some New Evidence from Ghana

Synopsis:

In large parts of the world, a lack of home tap water burdens households as the water must be brought to the house from outside, at great expense in terms of effort and time. We here study how such costs affect girls' schooling in Ghana, with an analysis based on four rounds of the Demographic and Health Surveys. Using GPS coordinates, we build an artificial panel of clusters, identifying the closest neighbors within each round. Our results indicate a significant negative relation between girls' school attendance and water hauling activity, as a halving of water fetching times increases girls' school attendance by 2.4 percentage points on average, with stronger impacts in rural communities. Our results seem to be the first definitive documentation of such a relationship in Sub-Saharan Africa. They document some of the multiple and wide population benefits of increased tap water access, in Africa and elsewhere.

Speaker(s):

Dr Celine Nauges, Research Fellow, School of Economics, University of Queensland

Date:
Monday, 23 June 2014
Time:
12:15 p.m. - 1:30 p.m.
Venue:

Seminar Room 2-1,
Manasseh Meyer,
Lee Kuan Yew School of Public Policy,
469C Bukit Timah Road,
Singapore 259772

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